Correct aquarium maintenance is essential to successful fish keeping.
Your fish will need feeding daily with foods such as King British Fish Foods, Aquarian Fish Foods or Hikari Fish Foods, all of which are excellent fish foods. Follow the instructions on your packet of fish food. Any uneaten food must be removed immediately with a fish net after the feed. If possible, it is also a good idea to watch your fish as they feed, as getting to know your fish allows you to detect and treat any signs of unusual behaviour at an early stage.
It is recommended (certainly in the first few months of setting up your tank, or adding new fish) for maintenance purposes that you check your aquarium water for ammonia, nitrite, nitrate and pH every week (or at any time if your fish look or behave differently) using a water test kit.
Ammonia, nitrite and nitrate are the biggest cause of fish deaths in new tank set-ups. This is known as “New Tank Syndrome.” The ammonia and nitrite should both be below 0.5 mg/L. The pH should be between 6.5 – 8.5. Using King British Safe Water will help to maintain these levels.
To help maintain the water in your aquarium the water will need refreshing.
As a general rule in aquarium maintenance approximately 25% of the water should be changed every 1 – 2 weeks. Make sure that the replacement water is the same temperature as the aquarium water and that it has been conditioned using a de-chlorinator such as Safe Guard or Fresh Start. It is important to use a clean bucket that is only used for this purpose. The filter should be checked when you carry out a water change to ensure that it is functioning correctly. Check that the filter media is clean or whether it needs to be replaced, but it is better to replace the different media alternatively to avoid losing the good bacteria all in one go.
If your tank contains live plants they will need feeding on a regular basis
Regular feeding of plants provides essential nourishment for stimulating and maintaining healthy growth. We recommend feeding with plant foods such as Flora Boost Plant Food on a fortnightly basis. You should take out any leaves that lie in the bottom of the aquarium, as they may decay and pollute the water. Periodically as part of your aquarium maintenance you may also need to remove any debris from the bottom of the tank using Aquarium Gravel Cleaner. Remember to top up any water lost, and use some dechlorinator.
Occasionally with aquarium maintenance you may experience a problem with excessive algae in the aquarium. Algae that grow on the sides of the aquarium and ornaments can be removed by simply wiping it away with a clean cloth and an Algae Magnet. Free floating algae cells however are not so simple to remove. You can use Green Away Algae Treatment or Hair Algae Control, which works by causing the algae cells to clump together which then sinks to the bottom of the aquarium. These can then be easily removed using your gravel cleaner or siphon set.